Department of Basic Medical Sciences

Department of Basic Medical Sciences

Basic medical sciences lay strong foundation for subsequent clinical learning. It is an integral part of medical and dental curriculum. Dental students have Anatomy, Physiology, and Biochemistry during their 1st year course and Pharmacology, Pathology, and Microbiology in 2nd year curriculum. Study of Basic Medical Sciences makes it easier for students to understand the clinical subjects and for better comprehension of the signs and symptoms of the diseases. Basic Medical sciences departments of Madha Dental College, helps students to have a clear understanding and knowledge of the normal anatomy, physiological functions and biochemical reactions in their first year of dentistry and etiological agents of microbial infections, their pathological manifestations and their pharmacotherapeutic management in their second year of dentistry. Background foundation of basic sciences helps them in their better understanding of clinical sciences and improves their clinical acumen.



To accomplish the highest standard and to be a Centre of excellence in imparting sound knowledge in the field of Basic Medical Sciences to incline the students of dentistry into more skillful and competent dental professionals.


To provide an insight into the discipline of Basic Medical Sciences with effective practical-oriented teaching sessions and innovative approaches to ameliorate the quality of academic performance.
To inculcate comprehensive knowledge in the subjects of Basic Medical Sciences with a strong foundation for a better understanding of dental perspectives at the level of Undergraduate and Postgraduate students.
To augment the importance of scientific research among the students and keep them motivated to attend various conferences, CDEs and workshops to update their knowledge of recent advancements in the field of Basic Medical Sciences.







Department of Anatomy serves as a paving stone for the future doctors. Our department aims to inculcate extensive knowledge of anatomy to the students in relevant to dentistry and to develop a benchmark in education involving macroscopic, microscopic & developmental aspects of Human form.
Anatomy department at Madha Dental college comprises of a dissection hall with 10 dissection tables, skeletons, appropriate ventilation, adequate light source better to accommodate 100 students. There are separate rooms for cadaver storage tanks and specimen storage. Students are taught with adequate prosecuted parts and bones to gain deep insight about the anatomy of head & neck. Museum is well arranged with dry and wet specimens, embryology models and charts for better understanding.



Physiology forms the basis for understanding how the body functions in health and disease. At its core, physiology explores the intricate mechanisms by which cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems interact to maintain homeostasis, and students gain profound insights into phenomena such as metabolism, circulation, respiration, digestion, and sensory perception, illuminating essential principles.
“In the experimental sciences, the greatest discoveries are often made by accident. But in physiology, it is by design.” – Claude Bernard.
Physiology plays a crucial role in the education and practice of dental students. Understanding the physiological mechanisms underlying oral health and disease is essential for diagnosing and treating dental conditions effectively. Moreover, an understanding of pain physiology is essential for managing patient discomfort during dental procedures.
The Department of Physiology in Madha Dental College imparts foundational knowledge to first-year dental students, familiarizing them with routine hematology tests such as determining bleeding time and clotting time.
Additionally, students receive instruction and hands-on practice in performing general examinations and measuring blood pressure, equipping them with essential skills for routine patient care in dental practice.
Overall, the Department of Physiology provides the foundational knowledge that dental students need to comprehend the biological processes involved in oral health and disease, enabling them to deliver comprehensive and effective dental care to their patients.



The Department of Biochemistry at Madha Dental College and Hospital aims to provide a strong foundation for students pursuing dentistry with the necessary insights into the structure and functions of biomolecules, cells, and tissues.

This Department equips the first-year BDS students to enhance their practical skills, helping them to learn the fundamental principles, structures, and functions that govern biological systems at the molecular level. This knowledge is crucial for comprehending the molecular basis of health and diseases, which enables students to make effective decisions in the provision of patient care in dental settings.



Pathology, often called the study of diseases. It is a branch of science that deals with structural and functional changes in diseases, which present with clinical signs and symptoms. It is a discipline that provides diagnostic information to patients and clinicians. Department of pathology focuses training students to identify the cellular changes and helps them to become well-versed in haematology, urology investigations.



The Department of Microbiology at Madha Dental College and Hospital focuses on unveiling the significance of important microbes in dentistry. The Department plays a vital role in inculcating II year B.D.S students the importance of sterilization and disinfection, a profound understanding of different infectious diseases in the oral cavity and their etiological agents.

Also, the importance of biomedical waste management, hand hygiene protocols, knowledge of a broad array of medically important microorganisms and the emergence of antibiotic resistance among microbes are greatly emphasized by the department.



Pharmacology encompasses all aspects of knowledge about drugs, but most importantly those that are relevant to effective and rational use of drugs in daily clinical practice. There are two main branches of pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

Other than learning Pharmacology, second year Dental students of Madha Dental College will prepare and dispense mouth washes, tooth paste and tooth powder in their practical lab hours and identify and understand the new drugs with their therapeutic effects and adverse effects.



Dr. Vidyalakshmi. K, M.Sc, Ph.D,

Professor of Pharmacology, Teaching experience- 25 years

Dr. R. Deepa M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph. D

Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Teaching Experience - 16 years

Dr. Savitha Niren. M.Sc., Ph. D

Associate Professor of Physiology

Dr. A. Kiruthiga, M.Sc., Ph. D

Associate Professor of Microbiology, Teaching Experience: 13 years

Dr.S. Abilasha Msc, PhD (Anatomy), MBA(HM)

Associate Professor of Anatomy, Teaching experience; 9 Years and 5 months

Ms. A. Iswarya , M.Sc

Lecturer of Microbiology, Teaching Experience: 2 years 8 months


S No Title of the projects Principal Investigator




Events & Scientific Presentations




  1. Morphometric analysis of human occipital condyle in certain skulls of South India. International journal of Bio Medicine. Volume 32, Issue 4, 2012.
  2. Dermatoglyphics: a predictor tool to analyze the occurrence of breast cancer. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences. Volume 3, Issue 1, 2014.
  3. Molecular docking analysis of alkaloid compounds with beta-catenin towards the treatment of colon cancer. International Journal of Bio Information. Volume 16, Issue 3, 2020.
  4. Docking analysis of importin-11 homology model with the phyto compounds towards colorectal cancer treatment. International Journal of Bio Information. Volume 16, Issue 2, 2020.
  5. Molecular docking anaylsis of Stevioside with Akt and PPARγ. International Journal of Bio Information. Volume 17, Issue 1, 2021.
  6. Stevioside attenuates insulin resistance in Skeletal muscle by facilitating IR/IRS1/Akt/GLUT4 signaling pathways: An in vivo and in silico approach. International Journal of molecules. Volume 26, Issue 24, 2021.
  7. Exploring craniofacial diversity in South Indian adults: an innovative investigation utilizing a dataset of 2000 orthopantomogram images. International journal of Chelonian Conservation and biology. Volume 18, Issue 2, 2023.
  8. A Comprehensive Morphometric Analysis of Mandibular Variations: Unveiling Novel Insights through Advanced Techniques. Journal of Advanced Zoology. Volume 44, Issue S2, 2023.
  9. Orthopantomogram insights: Dental pathology analysis in a South Indian adult cohort. British Journal of Psychotherapy. Volume 39, Issue 4, 2023.
  10. Anatomical Variations in Mandibular Canal Location: Implications for Prosthodontic Treatment Planning in the South Indian Population. Journal of Advanced Zoology. Volume 44, Issue S2, 2023.
  11. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Rhodiola Roseananoparticles in an

in vitro model.Journal of Korean academy of Psychiatric & mental health

nursing.Volume 5, Issue 4, 2023.

  1. Anatomical variation in Mandibular angle region: Insights from Dry mandible

studies. International Neurology journal. Volume 27, Issue 4, 2023.


Intellectual property rights, ISBN: 978-93-5850-602-0, JEC Publishers: Jan, 2024.




  1. Protective Effect of Psidium guajava Leaf Extracts on Altered Carbohydrate Metabolism in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats. Journal of Dietary Supplements, 2013;10(4):335–344.
  2. Antioxidants in Periodontal Diseases.Critical Review in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013;2(2):7-12.
  3. Phytochemical analysis and in-vitro activities of ethanolic leaf extract of Mimosa pudica. Indian Journal of Current Research. (ISSN NO: 2347-9213) 2015; 2:5-10.
  4. Potential Antidiabetic Effect of Mimosa pudica Leaves Extract in High Fat Diet and Low Dose Streptozotocin-Induced Type 2 Diabetic Rats. International Journal of Biology Research.2017;2(4):55-62.
  5. Hepatoprotective activity of ethanol extract of Mimosa pudica leaves in type 2 diabetic rats. The Pharma Innovation Journal 2018; 7(12): 223-226.
  6. A review on role of Antioxidants in diabetes. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 2018; 11(2):48-53.
  7. Dose-dependent antidiabetic effect of Mimosa pudica leaves extract in type 2 diabetic rat model. The Pharma Innovation Journal 2019; 8(3): 01-04.
  8. Drug-induced oral adverse reactions: a review. International Journal of Current Advanced Research 2019; 8(10(B)): 20158-20163.
  9. A Questionnaire-Based Survey on COVID-19 Knowledge & awareness among allied Health Sciences (AHS) students in Chennai. World journal of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences.2020; 9(12) :1016-1028.
  10. A phytopharmacological review on an endangered magical herb- Picrorhiza kurroa. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 2021; 8(12):159-173.
  11. Oxidative Stress and Diabetes Mellitus – A Review. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Educational Research, 2022; 11(10):35-39.
  12. Preliminary Screening and evaluation of Commiphora Caudata Leaf extract on cariogenic pathogens. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2022;13(10):4159-4165.
  13. An update on influenza – a deadly seasonal viral infection. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.2022;11(15):556-566.
  14. A Questionnaire-Based study to assess the awareness of harmful effects associated with junk foods consumption among adolescent. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research.2023:16(1):49-52.
  15. Histoarchitectural and Biochemical Evaluation of Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Ischemia in Heart & Lungs – An Experimental Dose – Dependent Study. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. May 2023;14(5):2329-2336.
  16. A Review on Stem Cells of Placenta. Biolife, 2023;11(2):18- 20.
  17. Need-Based Changes in Undergraduate Pharmacology Teaching in Dental College – A Survey on Student Perspective. Eur. Chem. Bull. 2023;12(12): 720-732.
  18. Preliminary Phytochemical screening and Antioxidant properties of Methanolic root extract of Picrorhiza kurroa. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(9):4266-0.


  1. Therapeutic Insights of Picrorhiza kurroa Root in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Review. Path-Breaking Research and Advances in Health-Care, Pharmacy, Dental and Medical Sciences, Bharti Publications.2022;152-160.
  2. Cardio protective role of Curcumin. Current Trends in biological sciences, Thanuj International Publishers. 2022;173-179.
  3. Current updates on angina pectoris- A deadly oxygen thirst of the heart. Current Research in Life Sciences.2023 ;1-13.
  4. Therapeutic Potential of Mimosa pudica– A review. Recent trends of innovations in chemical and biological sciences, Bhumi Publishing.2023;76-83.
  5. Antidiabetic potential of Indian medicinal plants-A review. Recent Research in Biosciences. 2023;234-245.
  6. Cerebellar Ataxia. Recent Research in Biosciences, Thanuj International Publishers. 2023;214-218.
  7. Role of BCL2 and ERK 1 / 2 in Myocardial Ischemia. Recent Research in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023; 20- 30.
  8. Diabetes mellitus and Infectious diseases. Recent Research in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023:219-223.
  9. A Review of Placenta and Umbilical Cord for Deriving Stem Cells and Their Function. Innovations In Environment, Health & Medical Research.2023;31-35.
  10. The PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway in Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Current Advances in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023; 9-19.
  11. Demystifying Midas touch by bacteria – Gold Biomineralization in Cupriavidus metallidurans. Dr. R. B. Tripathi, Dr. R. Deepa, Dr. A. Kiruthiga. (Eds), Current Advances in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023; 59-66.
  12. Vitamin D and Periodontal disease. Current Advances in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023; 221-230.
  13. Dental pulp stem cells and its applications in regenerative medicine. Current Advances in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023;165-183.
  14. Nanotechnology in Medicine. Current Advances in Biosciences. India: Thanuj International Publishers. 2023;391-398.


  • Served as an editor for the book entitled “Current Advances in Biosciences” published by Thanuj International Publishers (ISBN: 978-93-94638-64-8, First edition, September 2023) Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Reviewer for Elsevier’s Textbook “Nutrition for Nurses” by Sreemathy Venkatraman, Published in May 2019 (ISBN:978-81-312-5479-0).




  1. Improved detection of esp, hyl, asa1, gelE, cylA virulence genes among clinical isolates of Enterococci. BMC Res Notes. 2020 Mar 20;13(1):170.
  1. Higher Incidence of Pristinamycin Resistance among Enterococcus Faecium with iMLSB/cMLSB Phenotype. Biomed Pharmacol J 2020;13(1).
  2. Mechanisms of intrinsic antibiotic resistance in enterococci. Drug invention today. 2020;13(6).
  3. Fosfomycin Susceptibility among Urinary Enterococcus faecalis with High Level Aminoglycoside and Glycopeptide Resistant Phenotypes. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2019 Dec;10(12): 970 – 974.
  4. High Level Aminoglycoside Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Enterococci. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2019 Nov 1;10(11) : p2938
  5. Molecular characterization of high level aminoglycoside resistant non-urinary isolates of Enterococcus Int Journal Infect Dis 2016;45S:109.
  6. Clinico-microbiological investigation of catheter associated urinary tract infection by Enterococcus faecalis: vanA genotype. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.2015;9(8):DD05–DD05.


  1. Oral dysbiosis – A potential decoder of systemic diseases, Recent Research in Biosciences, Apr-23, 140-144,
  2. Exploring the era of essential oils against Oral pathogens – Revisited, Current Advances in Biosciences, Sep-23, 20-32. ISBN: 978-93-94638-64-8, Thanuj International Publishers (Edition – 1: September, 2023).
  3. Demystifying Midas touch by bacteria – Gold Biomineralization in Cupriavidus metallidurans, Current Advances in Biosciences, Sep-23, 59-66. ISBN: 978-93-94638-64-8, Thanuj International Publishers (Edition – 1: September, 2023).
  4. Parasitic infestations of the Human Oral Cavity – Intruders unveiled, Current Advances in Biosciences, Sep-23, 67-77. ISBN: 978-93-94638-64-8, Thanuj International Publishers (Edition – 1: September, 2023).


  1. Detection of Colistin Resistance in Uropathogenic Carbapenem Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences, 2022, 9(1), 156–157.
  2. A Study on Phenotypic Association between Biofilm and Drug Resistant Klebsiella Species Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections, J Clin of Diagn Res. 2021, 15(6), DC38-DC42.
  3. Phytochemical Assay, Cytotoxicity and Antibacterial Activity of Selected Indian Medicinal Plants for Bioprinting Applications, Trends in Biomaterials & Artificial Organs, 2022, Vol 36, p36




  1. Antinociceptive Effect of Certain Dihydroxy Flavones in Mice, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behaviour, 2010; 96:1-6.
  2. Antioxidant Property of Plumbagin on Fibrosarcoma Induced Rats, Recent Research in Science and Technology, 2010,2(11):01-03.
  3. Anti-inflammatory Effect of Certain Dihydroxy Flavones and The Mechanisms Involved, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 2012;11:253-261.
  1. Effect Of Dihydroxy Flavones on Morphine Tolerance, International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Research Vol-2,2012,173-177.
  2. Antinociceptive Effect of Certain Dimethoxy Flavones In Mice, European Journal of Pharmacology 727 (2014) 148–157
  3. Effect Of Indazole and Its Derivatives on Aspirin Induced Gastric Ulcer in Rats, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research 40(2) September – October 2016, Article No. 02, Pg. 28-32
  4. Opuntia ficus-indica extract as a potential therapeutic agent in methotrexate-induced hepatotoxicity: involvement of nrf2/ho-1 and pparγ pathways, Romanian Journal of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, 2023: volume, 30, Issue 4.



  1. Piper longum and its hepatoprotective role – A review, Advances in Pharmaceuticals and Biosciences research, Thanuj International Publishers, First Edition, 2023; 109-115.
  2. Orphan Drugs- High priced Miracle Medicines, Advances in Pharmaceuticals and Biosciences research, Thanuj International Publishers, First Edition, 2023; 85-92.
  3. Efficient and reliable health care with -Artificial Intelligence, Advances in Pharmaceuticals and Biosciences research, Thanuj International Publishers, First Edition, 2023; 93-108.

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