Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology

Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology

The Oral Pathology Department plays a pivotal role in our institution, specializing in the diagnosis and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. Our dedicated team of pathologists employs advanced histopathological techniques to analyze tissue samples, providing accurate diagnoses for a wide range of oral conditions.

OVERVIEW OF THE DEPARTMENT:

UNDERGRADUATES

Able to use effectively the terminologies and anatomical terms for clinical and patient communications,  Able to identify various types of human teeth based on their morphology, Able to appreciate the eruption and shedding pattern of human teeth,   Able to differentiate normal from abnormal and diseased states, Able to understand the implications of the disease process and ageing on normal oral structures, Able to appreciate the influence of age, gender and race on oral and para-oral structures, Able to locate the different areas/surfaces of the teeth

POST-GRADUATES

  • Diagnosis and Assessment: Postgraduates in oral pathology focus on honing skills in diagnosing various oral diseases, including cancers, infections, and developmental anomalies.
  • Histopathological Analysis: They specialize in examining tissue samples under the microscope, interpreting cellular changes, and providing crucial insights for treatment planning.
  • Research and Publications: Postgraduates often engage in research projects, contributing to the advancement of oral pathology knowledge through publications and presentations.
  • Clinical Consultation: They play a vital role in multidisciplinary teams, offering expertise in challenging cases and collaborating with other dental and medical professionals.
  • Teaching and Training: Many pursue academic careers, imparting their knowledge to future generations of dentists and oral healthcare professionals.
  • Technology Integration: Keeping abreast of technological advancements, postgraduates utilize advanced imaging and diagnostic tools for accurate assessments.
  • Patient Management: They participate in developing comprehensive treatment plans, considering the broader healthcare context and patient-centered approaches.
  • Continuing Education: Given the dynamic nature of healthcare, ongoing learning is crucial, ensuring postgraduates stay updated on the latest advancements in oral pathology.
  • Collaboration with Clinicians: Effective communication with clinicians is vital for optimal patient care, requiring postgraduates to translate pathology findings into actionable clinical insights.
  • Quality Assurance: Postgraduates contribute to maintaining high standards in pathology laboratories, ensuring accuracy, reliability, and adherence to ethical guidelines.

SPECIALIZATION

  • Five observers can be observed at the same time
  • Teaching departmental biopsy cases
  • Teaching external biopsy cases
  • Group discussion during normal class hours and in examination time

GOALS:

  • One of the primary goals is to accurately diagnose various oral diseases, including infections, tumors, and other pathological conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, and surrounding structures.
  • to understand the underlying mechanisms and processes of oral diseases. This involves studying the etiology (cause), pathogenesis (development), and clinical manifestations of oral conditions.
  • Oral pathologists play a crucial role in the overall management of patients with oral diseases. This includes developing treatment plans, collaborating with other healthcare professionals, and providing appropriate recommendations for patient care.
  • Given the interconnected nature of health, oral pathologists collaborate with various medical and dental specialties. This interdisciplinary approach helps in providing comprehensive care to patients with systemic conditions that manifest in the oral cavity or those with oral conditions impacting overall health.
  • Ensuring the quality and accuracy of diagnostic services is a fundamental goal. This involves implementing and adhering to standardized protocols for specimen collection, processing, and analysis to maintain the highest standards in oral pathology.

OBJECTIVES:

The objectives of oral pathology include accurate diagnosis of oral diseases, risk assessment, development of effective treatment plans, and provision of prognostic information, engagement in research activities, education and training, contribution to preventive dentistry and public health initiatives, maintenance of quality assurance in diagnostic services, and interdisciplinary collaboration for holistic patient care.

HIGHLIGHTS

KEY FEATURES

  • Histopathological Analysis: Capability to recognize and describe cancers, oral lesions, and other pathology disorders based on the examination of tissue specimens.
  • Diagnosis of Oral Cancer: Expertise in identifying oral cancers, such as squamous cell carcinoma, and working in tandem with oncology teams to provide patients with complete care.
  • Dental and Maxillofacial Anatomy: Comprehensive knowledge of the anatomical structures related to oral and maxillofacial pathology, essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment strategy formulation.
  • Research and Innovation: Engaging in research activities helps keep up with developments in oral pathology and leads to the creation of fresh approaches to diagnosis and treatment.
  • Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Close coordination with medical and dental specialists, encouraging a multidisciplinary approach to patient care, especially in cases of complexity.

The Oral Pathology Department is a key component in improving oral health and expanding the area of oral and maxillofacial pathology, and this is demonstrated by our dedication to quality in education, patient care, and research.

CORE COMPETENCIES / THRUST AREAS

  • The diagnosis of conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, and associated structures is the main focus of oral and maxillofacial pathology.
  • The ability to diagnose oral cancer, analyze oral lesions histopathologically, and comprehend oral pathology’s complexities to successfully guide treatment approaches are examples of core competences.
  • Working in this sector requires specialized understanding of oral and maxillofacial anatomy in addition to remaining current with pathology breakthroughs.

LATEST AWARDS, ACHIEVEMENTS, EVENTS

FACILITIES

    LAB

  • Histopathology Lab

    A histopathology lab in the field of oral pathology is a vital component of diagnostic and research processes. Specializing in the microscopic examination of tissues obtained from the oral cavity, this lab plays a pivotal role in identifying and characterizing various oral diseases, including cancers, inflammatory conditions, and developmental abnormalities. Histopathologists analyze biopsy samples, differentiating between benign and malignant lesions, grading tumors, and staging cancers to inform treatment decisions and prognosis. The lab’s collaboration with clinicians and oral pathologists ensures a comprehensive understanding of patients’ conditions, while adherence to stringent quality control measures guarantees the accuracy and reliability of diagnostic services. Additionally, the lab supports research endeavors by providing valuable insights into the cellular and molecular aspects of oral diseases, contributing to advancements in the field.

  • LAB

  • IHC Lab

    IHC Lab, or immunohistochemistry laboratory, plays a crucial role in the field of oral pathology by employing specialized techniques to study and analyze the expression of proteins within oral tissues. Immunohistochemistry involves the use of antibodies to detect specific antigens in tissue sections, aiding in the identification of various cellular components and providing valuable insights into the molecular and pathological aspects of oral diseases.

  • LAB

  • Haematological Laboratory

    The Haematological Laboratory plays a pivotal role in the realm of oral pathology by examining blood-related parameters that can provide critical insights into systemic conditions affecting the oral cavity. Through the analysis of blood samples, this laboratory assesses hematological parameters such as complete blood count, coagulation profiles, and biochemical markers. These evaluations aid in diagnosing systemic disorders that may manifest oral manifestations, such as bleeding disorders, anemias, or immune-related conditions.

Faculty

Dr. G Sivakumar

Professor & HOD

Dr. M Sivakumar

Professor

Dr. R Raghini

Reader

Dr Hamsini

Senior Lecturer

Dr. Razwia Fathima

Senior Lecturer

ONGOING RESEARCH

S No Title of the projects Principal Investigator

PUBLICATIONS

  • Year 2024

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Expression Of Salivary Levels Of S100a7 In Oral Submucous Fibrosis & Oral Leukoplakia. Journal Of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology: Vol 28 Issue 1 Jan – Mar 2024Dr. Razwia Fathima
  • Year 2023

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Human Identification System. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research: Vol 5 Issue 1 Jan – Dec 2023Dr. Hamsini, Dr. Razwia Fathima
    2Wound Healing In Molecular Aspects-A Review. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research:Vol 5 Issue 1 Jan – Dec 2023Dr. Hamsini, Dr. Razwia Fathima
  • Year 2022

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Oral Microbiome In Health And Disease. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research, Vol 4 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2022 Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    2Pandemic Disease Disaster Sars – Cov – 2 Covid – 19. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research, Vol 4 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2022Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
  • Year 2021

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Age Changes In Oral Cavity-A Review. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research. Vol 3 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2021Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    2Salivary Proteomics. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research. Vol 3 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2021Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    3Candidiasis – An Oral Predictor Of Hiv Infection. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research. Vol 3 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2021Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    4Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma With Stromal Eosinophillia-A Case Report. University Journal Of Surgery And Surgical Specialties. Vol 7(5) 2021Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    5A Case Of Multiple Rootless Teeth : A Case Report And Review. Journal Of Oral &Maxillo – Facial Pathology. Jan 1 2022 Ip –244:45:23:220 Dr. G Sivakumar, Dr. Raghini
  • Year 2020

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Biochemical Markers In Oral Cancer. University Journal Of Surgery And Surgical Specialties Vol 6 (5) 2020Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    2Human Cell Culture And Its Techniques. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research. Vol 2 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2020Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
    3Desquamative Gingivitis – Erosive Lichen Planus. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research. Vol 2 Issue 1 Jan-Dec 2020Dr. G Sivakumar
    4Immunohistochemical Analysis Of Nuclear Factor Kappa B (Nf Κb) Between Follicular And Plexiform Ameloblastomas: A Pilot Study. Journal Of Oral Maxillofacial Pathology. 2020; 24:466-71Dr. M Sivakumar
  • Year 2019

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Areca Nut And Its Review. Madha Journal Of Clinical And Dental Research.Vol (1),Issue (1).Jan-Dec 2019.Dr. G Sivakumar Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini
  • Year 2018

    S No Title of the Publication Author
    1Gc Ms Analysis Of One Ayurvedic Preperation “Aswagandharishtam”. Biomedical & Pharmacology Journal June 2018 Vol 11 (2) 1061 – 1072.Dr. G Sivakumar
    2Antioxidant Studiesof One Ayurvedic Medicine Aswagantharishtam. Asian Journal Of Pharmaceutical And Clinical Research Vol 11 Issue Ii 2018Dr. G Sivakumar
    3Apoptosis- Journey Of A Cell In Life. University Journal Of Surgery And Surgical Specialities. Vol. 4(3). 2018Dr. M Sivakumar Dr. Raghini

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

Dr G Sivakumar

Best Research Excellence Award 2022 by Institute Of Scholars For His Research Work On Malignant Melanoma Of The Oral Cavity

Dr G Sivakumar

Fellowship Award From Indian Academic Researchers Association – 2022

Dr G Sivakumar

Completed MBA from the University of Madras

Dr G Sivakumar

Editor - Madha Journal of Dental Research (2019 till date)

STUDENTS AWARDS

Dr. Ayeisha Niloufar

Certificate Of Honour & Medal for Scoring Highest Mark in The Final Year University Exam Conducted By The Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Guindy conferred by The Honourable Minister For Health & Family Welfare Thiru. Ma Subramaniyam

Dr. Razwia Fathima

First prize in Poster Presentation – International Conference On Craniofacial Pathology & Biology, Saveetha Dental College & Hospital

Dr. Razwia Fathima

First Place In The Poster Presentaion & Cash Prize & Certificate In The State Level Article Syposium – April 2023, Thai Moogambigai Dental College

Dr. Sujitha

Third Place In Poster Presentation & Received Cash Prize & Certificate In The State Level Article Syposium – April 2023, Thai Moogambigai Dental College

CDE PROGRAMME

  • CDE Programme Conducted By The Department On “Age Estimation In Forensic Odontology”. Dr. Jayasankar Pillai Assisstant Professor, Govt Dental College, Gujarat Was Invited As A Guest Speaker.
  • Pgs attended Clinical And Lab Training In Cancer Institute –Adyar,Chennai.

Events & Scientific Presentations

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